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International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) was created in 1944 when 52 countries signed the Convention on International Civil Aviation in Chicago, known as the Chicago Convention. The ICAO is now an agency of the United Nations and has 191 members. Malaysia became a member in 1958 and was re-elected to the 36-member Council in 2013 as representative for the south-east asia geographical region.


Annex 13

The Chicago Convention is supplemented by 19 Annexes.

Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation is described in Annex 13.

Each member State must have an Accident investigation authority which will be responsible for aircraft accident and incident investigations within the context of Annex 13. Accident investigation Reports include recommendations for improvements to aviation safety and are submitted to the ICAO for action.

MH370 - Investigations

The most publicised investigation into the loss of flight MH370 is being conducted by The Malaysian ICAO Annex 13 Safety Investigation Team for MH370

A separate criminal investigation is being conducted in Malaysia by the Royal Malaysia Police.

And a Judicial Inquiry is being conducted in France.

Related Organisations

Non-governmental organizations which also participate in ICAO's work include the following:-

  • Airports Council International (ACI)
  • Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO)
  • International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • International Business Aviation Council (IBAC)
  • International Coordinating Council of Aerospace Industries Associations (ICCAIA)
  • International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot Associations (IAOPA)
  • International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations (IFALPA)
  • International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers' Associations (IFATCA).
ICAO global tracking meeting

ICAO convened a two-day meeting at its Montreal headquarters on 12 and 13 May 2014 to explore the need for global tracking of airline flights and the existing technologies that support it, in order to address issues arising from events such as the accident of Air France Flight 447 in 2009 and the disappearance of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370.

The meeting was attended by 213 participants and observers, representing a diverse range of interests from within the international aviation community, including aviation regulators, air navigation service providers, aircraft manufacturers, and industry associations and vendors. Two experts from CASA's Standards Division and Airspace and Aerodrome Regulation Division attended the meeting.

As a consequence of the meeting, ICAO is establishing an ad hoc working group drawn from a number of panels, including the flight recording panel, and members of the Air Navigation Commission, with advice from a search and rescue expert. The working group is tasked with developing a 'concept of operations' for aircraft tracking which will be presented to ICAO's High-level Safety Conference in 2015. CASA will contribute to the development of the concept of operations through its representation on a number of ICAO panels.

Source: https://www.casa.gov.au/standard-page/external-engagement-4


ICAO Second High Level Safety Conference

ICAO convened a High Level Safety Conference from 2 to 5 February 2015 in Montreal, Canada. The Australian delegation was led by ATSB Chief Commissioner, Mr Martin Dolan. The Associate Director of Aviation Safety, Dr Jonathan Aleck, represented CASA; other delegates were drawn from the Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development and Australia’s Permanent Mission to ICAO in Montreal.

The major focus of the conference was on reaching international agreement on progressing responses to a number of emerging safety issues and ongoing and future approaches to safety management, in particular regarding global tracking of aircraft and flights over conflict zones, highlighted in the international responses to the loss of Malaysia Airlines flights MH370 and MH17 in 2014.

In relation to global flight tracking, it was agreed that ICAO finalise and distribute a global aeronautical distress and safety system concept of operations for future implementation of normal, abnormal and distress flight tracking for aircraft. This response includes the establishment of a performance-based standard for increased aircraft position reporting every 15 minutes, using existing technologies.

Following the conference, ICAO established a website that will contain information made available by countries on risks to civil aircraft arising from conflict zones. The conference also discussed implementation of the Global Aviation Safety Plan and safety information protection and sharing.

Source: https://www.casa.gov.au/standard-page/external-engagement-2